Within Zielona Góra Forest District coniferous forest pine settlements dominate and the average age is 57 years.
The basic aim of forest silviculture is preserving and enriching the existing ones (regeneration) and creating new ones (afforestation) considering natural conditions and processes. Forest silviculture includes collecting and stocking tree seeds, production of saplings, founding and nurturing tree stands.
Knowledge on processes occurring in nature and control of forest environment state allow foresters to diagnose early dangers which may negatively affect the forest. Each year they undertake actions aiming at retaining forest stability and increasing its natural resistance to destructive factors.
Usage of forest is taking advantage of its resources - logging, collecting fruits of the forest, plants and their parts to be used in pharmaceutical industry, acquiring pines, exploitation of mines etc. Foresters allow society use the gifts of the forest but in a way assuring its continuity.
Forest management by State Forests is carried out on the basis of 10-year forest organization plan drawn up for forest districts. They are implemented by specialised forest services, such as Forest Organization Office and Forest Geodesy. The plans are approved by Environment Minister after consultations with the public have taken place.
Around 60% of 618 species of vertebrates in Poland inhabit forests. Civilisation caused the immemorial balance and rules governing forest ecosystems to be weakened. It influences the animals therefore currently their number, ways of nurturing and protection from animal damage is regulated by law both Polish and European.